Vorlage:Key press

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Template-info.png Dokumentation für die Vorlage {{Key press}}[Ansicht] [Bearbeiten] [Versionsgeschichte] [Aktualisieren]


This is the {{key press}} template primarily designed to illustrate keys and keystrokes on a computer keyboard. With additional parameters, a single template can even illustrate a combination of multiple simultaneous keystrokes. A sequence of keystrokes, on the other hand, need to be demonstrated with separate templates.

Example:

{{key press|A}} produces A

Keystroke combinations

To illustrate keystroke combinations, just use extra parameters:

{{key press|Alt|P}} produces Alt+P
{{key press|Ctrl|Alt|Del}} produces Ctrl+ Alt+ Del

This template currently handles up to 10 key name parameters, which should be more than enough to accommodate for any possible combination of simultaneous keystrokes. If it gets too many key name parameters it reports the page into Vorlage Key press mit zu vielen Parametern. This means we can easily find those pages and fix them, or we can discover if we need to make this template take more parameters.

When you feed several key names to this template, it adds a "+" (or whatever the contents of the optional chain parameter) with no spaces around. This means it won't line wrap. But when you show key combinations for instance in a table then that might cause too wide items. Then instead manually build the key combination with spaces around the "+" so it can line wrap:

{{key press|Ctrl}} + {{key press|Alt}} + {{key press|Del}} produces Ctrl + Alt + Del
{{key press|Ctrl|Alt|Del|chain= + |}} produces Ctrl + Alt + Del

On the other hand, to illustrate Windows Alt codes you might want to use separate templates with no intervening punctuation or space. In most Windows systems in North America and Western Europe, for example, the plus-minus sign (±) can be entered by holding down the Alt key while typing 0177 (with the numeric keypad):

{{key press|Alt|0}}{{key press|1}}{{key press|7}}{{key press|7}} produces Alt+0177

An example of a use case where more than 5 might be used is explaining usage of a macro (keyboard shortcut) created by a third-party application:

{{Key press|Ctrl|Alt|Shift|Win|Menu|fn|L}} produces Ctrl+ Alt+ Shift+ Win+ Menu+Fn+L

Wikilinks

If there is an article about the key you can wikilink the key's name like any other wiki text. Like this:

  • {{key press|[[Alt key|Alt]]}} produces Alt

If you are wikilinking the keys, please ensure that you are piping to the correct page (e.g. [[Control key|Ctrl]] instead of [[Ctrl]], which leads to a disambiguation page).

Wiki markup characters

Some wiki markup character, like the pipe symbol, the semicolon and the equals sign, need to be entered using the {{!}}, {{;}} and {{[[Template:=|=]]}} templates:

  • {{key press|{{!}}}} produces |
  • {{key press|{{;}}}} produces ;
  • {{key press|{{=}}}} produces =

However, if the characters are marked as wikilinks, they can be entered as such:

  • {{key press|[[|]]}} produces |
  • {{key press|[[;]]}} produces ;
  • {{key press|[[=]]}} produces =

Most markup characters also have aliases:

  • {{key press|pipe}} produces |
  • {{key press|semicolon}} produces ;
  • {{key press|equals}} produces =
  • {{key press|colon}} produces :
  • {{key press|asterisk}} produces *
  • {{key press|hash}} produces #

If you do not want to mark the characters as links, {{key press|<nowiki>|</nowiki>}} is also an option.

Key symbols

Some key names have a fitting Unicode character. This template automatically adds such "icons" to the following key names:

  • {{key press|Shift}} produces Shift
  • {{key press|Caps Lock}} produces Caps Lock
  • {{key press|Enter}} produces Enter
  • {{key press|Tab}} produces Tab
  • {{key press|Backspace}} produces Backspace
  • {{key press|Cmd}} produces Cmd
  • {{key press|Opt}} produces Opt
  • {{key press|Up}} produces
  • {{key press|Down}} produces
  • {{key press|Left}} produces
  • {{key press|Right}} produces
Windows key and Menu key
Old-style Windows key

There are no characters for the Windows key and Menu key. Besides, the Windows logo is trademarked. So this template shows approximate characters for them in the following way:

  • {{key press|Win}} produces Win
  • {{key press|Menu}} produces Menu

Video games

Video game controllers often have specialized input labels that do not map easily. The following are mappings for various game consoles and input features.

Directional input

The following should only be used when the input sequence uses something other than the primary input or mixes input between directional devices.

  • {{key press|l-down}} produces L↓
  • {{key press|c-left}} produces C←
  • {{key press|r-up}} produces R↑

Stick specific diagonals are also supported:

  • {{key press|l-nw}} produces L↖
  • {{key press|c-se}} produces C↘
  • {{key press|r-ne}} produces R↗
PlayStation
  • {{key press|ex}} produces ×
  • {{key press|circle}} produces
  • {{key press|triangle}} produces
  • {{key press|square}} produces


Technical details

This template calls {{key press/core}}, which holds the code that otherwise would be repeated several times in {{key press}}, thus simplifying the code.

TemplateData

Dies ist die TemplateData-Dokumentation für diese Vorlage, die vom neuen VisualEditor eingesetzt wird.

Key press

Illustrates keys and keystrokes on a computer keyboard. Keys can include: Ctrl, Alt, Del, Opt, Menu, Left etc. console keys: ex, circle, triangle, square, and left right and center analog sticks: l-down, c-left, r-ne. The names are case insensitive.

Vorlagenparameter

ParameterBeschreibungTypStatus
First key1

First key

Zeileerforderlich
Second key2

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Third key3

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Forth key4

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Fifth key5

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Sixth key6

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Seventh key7

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Eighth key8

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Ninth key9

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Tenth key10

Optional key press in combination as the first.

Zeileoptional
Chaining characterchain

Character between chained key presses

Standard
+
Zeileoptional
Chaining characterchain first

Character between first and second key to press

Standard
+
Zeileoptional
Chaining characterchain second

Character between second and third key to press

Standard
+
Zeileoptional
Chaining characterchain third

Character between third and fourth key to press

Standard
+
Zeileoptional
Chaining characterchain fourth

Character between fourth and fifth key to press

Standard
+
Zeileoptional

See also

  • {{strong}} – For semantically indicating strong emphasis instead of simple typographical boldfacing.
  • {{strongbad}} – Same as {{strong}} but red like this: "Never use {{strongbad}} in articles."
  • {{stronggood}} – Same as {{strongbad}} but green like this: "Only use {{stronggood}} on non-article pages."
  • {{em}} – Similar template for semantically indicating mild emphasis instead of simple typographical italicization.
  • {{var}} – Same as {{varserif}} use for all variables (e.g. strIllustratePrefix), except for "I" (upper-case i) and "l" (lower-case L), for which use {{varserif}}.
  • {{varserif}} – Same as {{var}} but uses serif font (e.g. strIllustratePrefix), especially for distinguishing between "I" (upper-case i) and "l" (lower-case L) as variables.
  • {{wikivar}} – For displaying wikicode variables and magicwords as they would appear in source code, e.g. {{PAGENAME}}, {{DEFAULTSORT:Lastname, Firstname}}.
  • {{para}} – For displaying wiki template parameters (|title=) or parameters and values (|year=2008).
  • {{tlx}} and related – For displaying entire templates (with or without parameters and values) as code.
  • {{tag}} – For using HTML elements ("tags") in prose (e.g. "When coding HTML <img>...</img> tags, always include …").
  • {{code}} – For computer source code (e.g. "always include the alt= parameter"). (Note: to nest other templates like {{var}} inside, use <code>...</code> instead of {{code}}.)
  • {{syntaxhighlight}} or {{sxhl}} – Wrapper for <syntaxhighlight>...</syntaxhighlight>, but will wrap overflowing text.
  • {{pre}} – For larger blocks of source code and other pre-formatted text.
  • {{pre2}}, a template with similar functionality but induces optional line wrap and optional scroll bars.
  • {{bq}} – For indented blocks of content, such as block quotations, examples, poems, etc.
  • {{kbd}} – For indicating user input.
  • {{key press}} – For indicating the input of specific keystrokes, e.g. CtrlX.
  • {{samp}} – For example output.
  • <syntaxhighlight>

Not to be confused with

  • {{Button}} – Produces a similar visual effect, but without the semantic markup, e.g. Button.
Hinweise